A fishing lure is an object attached to the end of a fishing line which is designed to resemble and move like the prey of a fish. The purpose of the lure is to use movement, vibration, and colour to catch the fish’s attention so it bites the hook. Lures are equipped with one or more single, double, or treble hooks that are used to hook fish when they attack the lure.
The fishing lure is either tied with a knot, such as the improved clinch knot, or connected with a tiny safety pin-like device called a “swivel” onto the fishing line which is in turn connected to the reel via the arbor. The reel is attached to a rod. The motion of the lure is made by winding line back on to the reel, by sweeping the fishing rod, jigging movements with the fishing rod, or by being pulled behind a moving boat (trolling). exceptions include are artificial flies, commonly called flies by fly fishers, which either float on the water surface, slowly sink or float underwater, and represent some form of insect fish food.
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Fishing lures are available in a near endless array of styles, colors, sizes, and types. The main purpose of any type of fishing lure is to attract fish, but the type of fishing lure a fisherman chooses might be based on previous experience, personal preference, or another’s suggestion. Each type of fishing lure performs differently underwater depending on its design.
Spinners, spoons, jigs, and soft plastic baits will all perform in a different way when reeled through the water. Experienced fisherman know how most types of fish will react to bait and can select an appropriate fishing lure for each situation. Most fishing lures are designed to closely resemble live bait in both appearance and movement when underwater. Though each fishing lure reacts differently, most mimic the swimming movements of a live critter when proper angling is applied.
Knowing which fishing lure to use in each situation takes practice and experience. A fishing lure simply thrown into the water and left to float near the bottom is not likely to attract a fish. Fish often strike at movement, and learning the correct rod and reel techniques for each type of lure takes practice and patience and sometimes luck. Talk with experienced fisherman that have fished the waters you are planning to try and use their experience to your benefit.